- At least 2 independent clauses
- Use coordinating conjunctions (FANBOYS)
- A comma is typically use before the conjunction (unless the sentence is short)
- These 2 clauses can stand alone and don’t need each other.
- 1 independent clause and 1 dependent clause
- Subordinate clause can begin with
- Subordinating Conjunction = adverbial (asia.wub)
- Relative Pronoun = adjectival (who/which)
- Use commas to surround subordinate clause when non essential or if clause opens the sentence.
- Subordinate clause cannot stand alone
Olivia laughed, yet she sang. (Compound S-Vi)
Olivia, who cried, laughed. (Complex S-Vi)
Olivia, who cried, laughed, yet she sang. (Compound-Complex S-Vi)
The boy played (S-Vi)
- Make it Compound (hint: add FANBOY e.g. “and he ate ice cream”)
- Make it Complex (hint: add Who/which or asia.wub e.g. “who was tired”)
- Make it Compound-Complex (e.g. The boy, who was tired, played, and he ate ice cream.
Conjunctions (Chart H)
Michelle sings songs and plays piano (compound verb)
Jake loves junk food and candy. (compound DO)
Chloe, Sophie, and Braelynn enjoyed lunch together. (compound subjects)
Verbals: Infinitives (Chart Q)
Infinitive = “to” plus a verb, used as a noun, adjective, or adverb.
- To dance is fun. (Subject Noun)
- I love to dance. (Direct Object)
- I need a song to sing. (Adjective)
- Jesus is easy to love. (Adverb)
Infinitives can also be phrases:
- Jesus loves to help children. (Direct Object Phrase)
REMEMBER!!!! The difference between a prepositional phrase and an infinitive is the verb/noun.
- Infinitives = “to” + verb
- Prepositional Phrases = “to” + object of the preposition (Noun or Pronoun)
The leaves fall. (S-Vi)
- Add modifiers adjective and adverb
- Add prepositional phrase
- Add adjectival or adverbial clause.
- Make it compound
- Make it complex
- Make it Compound- Complex
1st year students/moms can review up to this point (first 20 weeks). They don’t have to work on verbals unless they are ready. This skill will be easier for 2nd and 3rd year students/moms.
IEW Unit 8
[#6] VSS openers (very short sentences)
- Sentence that is only 2-5 words.
e.g. “American is beautiful and diverse.”
“World War I was horrific”
Hungry flames roared. (opening)
The farm lay in ashes. (closing)
Peter sighed. (opening)
Peter had an idea. (closing)
Killer bees invaded. (opening)
The nightmare had begun. (closing)
- Start with a short story to draw in the reader. Helps reader understand the topic/person in the paper in greater detail and with emotion.
- Read Open-Close on page 137 of SRP